The term Adverse Drug Event (ADE) refers to an injury caused to someone due to the intervention of medicine. Older people (65 years or older) go to emergency facilities about 450,000 times annually, twice as often as young people.
Younger people are less likely to get admitted to the hospital after an emergency visit than the elderly. However, some of the hospitalizations are caused by a few drugs that should be monitored effectively to avoid complications. Some of these medications include; blood thinners like warfarin, diabetes medications like insulin, seizure treatments like Phenytoin icon, and opioid analgesics.
Drugs guidelines from a pharmacist
The following are some of the things that adults should put into consideration to avoid the risk of harm from adverse adult effects
• Maintain a list of all medicines you have
• Adhere to directions according to the prescription
• Ask for clarifications from your doctor
• Proceed with any other blood testing as instructed by your medic
• Follow the doctor’s prescription
The negative impact of Adverse Drug Events in Public health
Annually, there are approximately 1.3 million emergency visits due to adverse drug events. About 350000 of these patients have to be admitted for further medications after the emergency visits for ADE. The older you get, the more you consume more medicines, which poses you to the risk of adverse events.
Medicines which require blood test are likely to cause serious adverse events.
For a doctor to get the appropriate dosage for you, getting a blood test is one of the best approaches to follow. According to recent studies, 40% of emergency visits require patients to be admitted due to the usage of a few drugs, which may only need standard test scanning.
Takeaway: Inquire from your physician or chemist if you are using any drugs that need blood tests. Make sure you concentrate on adhering to the prescription, having blood tests regularly, and going for check-ups.
Below are the examples of medicines that require strict surveillance
• Blood thinners which reduce coagulation of blood (warfarin, Apixaban, and Endoxoban)
• Diabetes medications (insulin icon)
• Seizure medicines (phenytoin, carbamazepine, Ethosuximide)
• Heart medications (digoxin, angiotensin receptor blockers)
Involuntary overdose of painkillers as a cause of many deaths
Taking opioid analgesics in excess has contributed to infections of a large proportion of people nationally. More than 15000 people died in 2015 as a result of taking excess opioids prescriptions.
Medicines may not necessarily improve your health condition.
Antibiotics are among the drugs that cause adverse drug events despite being immensely useful drugs for particular infections. According to statistics, about 150000 mature adults receive treatment in emergency facilities annually due to antibiotics’ adverse events.
Antibiotics can effectively kill bacterial microorganisms. However, you can’t rely on them to kill or prevent the spread of viral infections like runny viruses, colds, flu, coughs, and sore throat.
Takeaway: Always consult the medical practitioner to understand whether you have to use antibiotics.
If a doctor gives you a prescription of antibiotics, always make sure that you finish the dosage even if you feel better. Avoid storing antibiotics for future use.